Lost Cities Of The World

Lost Cities Of The World

People believe that Lost Cities were well populated areas once upon a time. Many of them have been destroyed by natural disasters and were abandoned completely. Here are some of them, perhaps there are still many yet to be discovered by scientists.

North America

1. L'Anse aux Meadows (Canada)
The Meeting of Two Worlds, sculpture, L'Anse aux Meadows, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. Sculptors: Luben Boykov, a Newfoundland immigrant and Richard Brixel, a Swedish national, unveiled on July 5, 2002The Meeting of Two Worlds, sculpture, L'Anse aux Meadows, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. Sculptors: Luben Boykov, a Newfoundland immigrant and Richard Brixel, a Swedish national, unveiled on July 5, 2002 [ Photo by D. Gordon E. Robertson / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
L'Anse aux Meadowsis an archaeological site on the northernmost tip of the island of Newfoundland in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. Discovered in 1960, it is the only known site of a Norse village in Canada, and in North America outside of Greenland. The site remains the only widely-accepted instance of pre-Columbian trans-oceanic contact, and is notable for possible connections with the attempted colony of Vinland established by Leif Ericson around 1003, or more broadly with Norse exploration of the Americas. The name "L'Anse aux Meadows" made its first appearance as Anse à la Medée on a map of 1862, when it may have derived its name from a ship called Medée. (based on awikipedia article / cc by-sa)
2. Ancient Pueblo (USA)
A photograph taken of the Cliff Palace in Mesa Verde National Park, Colorado.A photograph taken of the Cliff Palace in Mesa Verde National Park, Colorado. [ Photo by Massimo Catarinella / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]
Ancient Pueblo People or Ancestral Puebloans were an ancient Native American culture centered on the present-day Four Corners area of the United States, comprising southern Utah, northern Arizona, northwest New Mexico, and a lesser section of Colorado. The cultural group has often been referred to in archaeology as the Anasazi, although the term is not preferred by the modern Puebloan peoples. The word Anasazi is Navajo for "Ancient Ones" or "Ancient Enemy". Archaeologists still debate when this distinct culture emerged, but the current consensus, based on terminology defined by the Pecos Classification, suggests their emergence around 1200 BC, during the archaeologically designated Basketmaker II Era. Beginning with the earliest explorations and excavations, researchers have believed that the Ancient Puebloans are ancestors of the modern Pueblo peoples. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

South America

3. Machu Picchu (Peru)
The Macchu Picchu, a UNESCO World Heritage Site near Cusco  in Peru, at twilightThe Macchu Picchu, a UNESCO World Heritage Site near Cusco in Peru, at twilight [ Photo by Martin St-Amant / CC BY 3.0 DEED.FR ]

Machu Picchu
is a pre-Columbian Inca site located 2,430 metres (7,970 ft) above sea level. It is situated on a mountain ridge above the Urubamba Valley in Peru, which is 80 kilometres (50 mi) northwest of Cuzco and through which the Urubamba River flows. Most archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was built as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti (1438–1472). Often referred to as "The Lost City of the Incas", it is perhaps the most familiar icon of the Inca World. One of the earliest theories about the purpose of the citadel, by Hiram Bingham, is that it was the traditional birthplace of the Incan "Virgins of the Suns". Research conducted by scholars, such as John Rowe and Richard Burger, has convinced most archaeologists that Machu Picchu was an estate of the Inca emperor, Pachacuti. (based on a wikipedia article /cc by-sa)

Central America & Caribbean

4. Tikal (Guatemala)
Tikal Mayan ruins Guatemala 2009Tikal Mayan ruins Guatemala 2009 [ Photo by chensiyuan / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

 (or Tik’al according to the modern Mayan orthography) is one of the largest archaeological sites and urban centres of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization. It is located in the archaeological region of the Petén Basin in what is now northern Guatemala. Situated in the department of El Petén, the site is part of Guatemala's Tikal National Park and in 1979 it was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Population estimates for Tikal vary from 10,000 to as high as 90,000 inhabitants, with the most likely figure being at the upper end of this range. Because of the low salt content of the Maya diet, it is estimated that Tikal would have had to import 131 tons of salt each year, based on a conservative population estimate of 45,000. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
5. Copán (Honduras)
A view of the southern facade of Temple 11 from the East Court of CopanA view of the southern facade of Temple 11 from the East Court of Copan [ Photo by Talk2winik / public domain ]

Copán is an archaeological site of the Maya civilization located in the Copán Department of western Honduras, not far from the border with Guatemala. It was the capital city of a major Classic period kingdom from the 5th to 9th centuries AD. The city was located in the extreme southeast of the Mesoamerican cultural region, on the frontier with the Isthmo-Colombian cultural region, and was almost surrounded by non-Maya peoples. K'inich Popol Hol inherited the throne of Copán from K'inich ax K'uk' Mo', who was his father. He undertook major construction projects with the redesign of the core of Copán. Popol Hol is not the original name of this king but rather a nickname based on the appearance of his Teotihuacan-linked name glyph. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
6. Calakmul (Mexico)
Structure 2 at Calakmul, one of the most massive structures in the Maya world, was originally built in the Preclassic and continued in use through to the Late Classic.Structure 2 at Calakmul, one of the most massive structures in the Maya world, was originally built in the Preclassic and continued in use through to the Late Classic. [ Photo by ant_mela / CC BY 2.0 ]

 (also Kalakmul and other less frequent variants) is the modern name of one of the largest and most powerful ancient Maya cities ever uncovered in the Maya lowlands. It is located in the 1,800,000-acre (7,300 km2) Calakmul Biosphere Reserve in the Mexican state of Campeche, deep in the jungles of the greater Petén Basin region, 35 kilometres (22 mi) from the Guatemalan border. In ancient times the city core was known as Ox Te' Tuun. Calakmul is located in Campeche state in southeastern Mexico, about 35 kilometres (22 mi) north of the border with Guatemala and 38 kilometres (24 mi) north of the ruins of El Mirador. The ruins of El Tintal are 68 kilometres (42 mi) to the southwest of Calakmul and were linked to both El Mirador and Calakmul itself by causeway. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
7. Chichen Itza (Mexico)
The Castle (El Castillo) at the World Heritage Site Chichen Itza. From the east side you can see both the restored side and the still rather ruinous side of the pyramid.The Castle (El Castillo) at the World Heritage Site Chichen Itza. From the east side you can see both the restored side and the still rather ruinous side of the pyramid. [ Photo by Bjørn Christian Tørrissen / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

Chichen Itza
is a large pre-Columbian archaeological site built by the Maya civilization located in the northern center of the Yucatán Peninsula, in the Yucatán state, present-day Mexico. The site contains many fine stone buildings in various states of preservation, and many have been restored. The buildings are connected by a dense network of formerly paved roads, called sacbeob. Archaeologists have found almost 100 sacbeob criss-crossing the site, and extending in all directions from the city. The buildings of Chichén Itza are grouped in a series of architectonic sets, and each set was at one time separated from the other by a series of low walls. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
8. Coba (Mexico)
The Nohoch Mul pyramid stands 138 feet tall, and is part of the Mayan ruins at the Cobá archeological site.The Nohoch Mul pyramid stands 138 feet tall, and is part of the Mayan ruins at the Cobá archeological site. [ Photo by Ken Thomas / public domain ]

 (Cobá in the Spanish language) is a large ruined city of the Pre-Columbian Maya civilization, located in the state of Quintana Roo, Mexico. It is located about 90 km east of the Maya site of Chichen Itza, about 40 km west of the Caribbean Sea, and 44 km northwest of the site of Tulum, with which it is connected by a modern road. Coba is located around two lagoons. A series of elevated stone and plaster roads radiate from the central site to various smaller sites near and far. These are known by the Maya term sacbe (plural sacbeob). Some of these causeways go east to the Caribbean coast, and the longest runs over 100 kilometres (62 mi) westwards to the site of Yaxuna. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
9. Palenque (Mexico)
This is a view of Palenque, a Maya ruin in Chiapas, Mexico taken from the top of one of the pyramids.This is a view of Palenque, a Maya ruin in Chiapas, Mexico taken from the top of one of the pyramids. [ Photo by Jacobolus / CC BY-SA 2.0 ]

 (Bàak' in Modern Maya) was a Maya city state in southern Mexico that flourished in the seventh century CE. After its decline it was absorbed into the jungle, but has been excavated and restored and is now a famous archaeological site attracting thousands of visitors. It is located near the Usumacinta River in the Mexican state of Chiapas, located about 130 km south of Ciudad del Carmen (see map) about 150 meters above sea-level. Palenque is a medium-sized site, much smaller than such huge sites as Tikal or Copán, but it contains some of the finest architecture, sculpture, roof comb and bas-relief carvings the Maya produced. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
10. Teotihuacan (Mexico)
View of the Avenue of the Dead and the Pyramid of the Sun, from Pyramid of the Moon (Pyramide de la Luna)View of the Avenue of the Dead and the Pyramid of the Sun, from Pyramid of the Moon (Pyramide de la Luna) [ Photo by Jackhynes / public domain ]

 – also written Teotihuacán, with an orthographic accent on the last syllable, following the conventions of Spanish orthography – is an enormous archaeological site in the Basin of Mexico, containing some of the largest pyramidal structures built in the pre-Columbian Americas. Apart from the pyramidal structures, Teotihuacan is also known for its large residential complexes, the Avenue of the Dead, and numerous colorful, well-preserved murals. The original name of the city is unknown, but it appears in hieroglyphic texts from the Maya region as puh, or "Place of Reeds". This suggests that the Maya of the Classic period understood Teotihuacan as a Place of Reeds similar to other Postclassic Central Mexican settlements that took the name Tollan, such as Tula-Hidalgo and Cholula. (based on a wikipediaarticle / cc by-sa)


11. Kourion (Cyprus)
The Episcopal BasilicaThe Episcopal Basilica [ Photo by Son of Groucho / CC BY 2.0 ]

 (Greek: Κούριον), also Curias (Pliny v. 13) or Latin: Curium, was a city in Cyprus, which endured from antiquity until the early Middle Ages. Kourion is situated on the south shores of the island to the west of the river Lycus (now called Kouris), 16 M. P. from Amathus. (Peut. Tab.), and was recorded by numerous ancient authors including Ptolemy (v. 14. § 2), Stephanus of Byzantium, Hierocles, and Pliny the Elder. Kourion was said to have been founded by the Argives. Stesenor, its sovereign, betrayed the cause of his country during the war against the Persians. (Herod. l. c.) Near the town was a cape (Φρούριον, Ptol. v. 14. § 2), from which sacrilegious offenders who had dared to touch the altar of Apollo were thrown into the sea. (Strab. l. c.). (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
12. Old Sarum (England)
foundations of the Cathedral of Old Sarumfoundations of the Cathedral of Old Sarum [ Photo by Melancholia i / public domain ]

Old Sarum
 (Latin: Sorbiodunum) is the site of the earliest settlement of Salisbury, in England. The site contains evidence of human habitation as early as 3000 BC. Old Sarum is mentioned in some of the earliest records in the country. It sits on a hill about two miles north of modern Salisbury. Old Sarum was originally a hill fort strategically placed on the conjunction of two trade routes and the River Avon, Hampshire. The hill fort is broadly oval in shape. 400 m (1300 feet) in length and 360 m (1200 feet) in width, it consists of a bank and ditch with an entrance on the eastern side. However, by the 19th century, the village was officially uninhabited and yet still had formal parliamentary representation, making it the most notorious of the rotten boroughs that existed before the Reform Act 1832. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
13. Paestum (Italy)
The Temple of Athena at the Graeco-Roman archaeological site of Paestum  in Italy.The Temple of Athena at the Graeco-Roman archaeological site of Paestum in Italy. [ Photo by Greenshed / public domain ]

 is the classical Roman name of a major Graeco-Roman city in the Campania region of Italy. It is located in the north of Cilento, near the coast about 85 km SE of Naples in the province of Salerno, and belongs to the commune of Capaccio, officially also named Capaccio-Paestum. Paestum is situated close to the tyrrhenian coast on the road linking Agropoli to Battipaglia. Its population is mainly located in the quarters surrounding the ancient Graeco-Roman ruins, as Santa Venere (to the south, near the hamlet of Licinella), Andreoli (north) and Torre di Paestum (west, by the sea). The town also has a railway station on the Naples-Salerno-Reggio Calabria line. Founded around the end of the 7th century BC by colonists from the Greek city of Sybaris, and originally known as Poseidonia. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
14. Pompeii (Italy)
Forum in Pompeii with the Temple of Jupiter in the center-left and Mount Vesuvius in the background.Forum in Pompeii with the Temple of Jupiter in the center-left and Mount Vesuvius in the background. [ Photo by Wknight94 / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

 is a ruined and partially buried Roman town-city near modern Naples in the Italian region of Campania, in the territory of the comune of Pompei. Along with Herculaneum, its sister city, Pompeii was destroyed and completely buried during a long catastrophic eruption of the volcano Mount Vesuvius spanning two days in 79 AD. The eruption buried Pompeii under 4 to 6 meters of ash and pumice, and it was lost for nearly 1,600 years before its accidental rediscovery around 1592. Since then, its excavation has provided an extraordinarily detailed insight into the life of a city at the height of the Roman Empire. Today, this UNESCO World Heritage Site is one of the most popular tourist attractions of Italy, with approximately 2,500,000 visitors every year. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)


15. Memphis (Egypt)
The Stepped Pyramid of SaqqaraThe Stepped Pyramid of Saqqara [ Photo by flyoverstate / CC BY-SA 2.0 ]

 (Arabic: ممفس‎; Egyptian Arabic: ممفيس; Greek: Μέμφις) was the ancient capital of Aneb-Hetch, the first nome of Lower Egypt. Its ruins are located near the town of Helwan, south of Cairo. The history of Memphis is closely linked to that of the country itself. Its eventual downfall is believed to be due to the loss of its economical significance in late antiquity, following the rise of coastal Alexandria. Its religious significance also diminished after the abandonment of the ancient religion following the Edict of Thessalonica. Memphis has had several names during its history of almost four millennia. Its Ancient Egyptian name was Inebou-Hedjou, and later, Ineb-Hedj (translated as "the white walls"), because of its majestic fortifications and crenellations. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
16. Nabta Playa (Egypt)
Nabta Playa calendar in Aswan Nubia museumNabta Playa calendar in Aswan Nubia museum [ Photo by Raymbetz / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

Nabta Playa
 was once a large basin in the Nubian Desert, located approximately 800 kilometers south of modern day Cairo or about 100 kilometers west of Abu Simbel in southern Egypt, 22° 32' north, 30° 42' east. Today the region is characterized by numerous archaeological sites. Archaeological findings indicate human occupation in the region dating to somewhere between the 10th and 8th millennia BC. Fred Wendorf and Christopher Ehret have suggested that the people who occupied this region at that time were early pastoralists, although this is disputed by other sources because the cattle remains found at Nabta have been shown to be morphologically wild in several studies, and nearby Saharan sites such as Uan Afada in Libya were penning wild Barbary sheep, an animal that was never domesticated. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
17. Lepcis Magna (Libya)
the theater at Leptis Magna photographed in 2006the theater at Leptis Magna photographed in 2006 [ Photo by Daviegunn / public domain ]

Leptis Magna,(Arabic: لبده‎) also known as Lectis Magna (or Lepcis Magna as it is sometimes spelled), also called Lpqy or Neapolis, was a prominent city of the Roman Empire. Its ruins are located in Al Khums, Libya, 130 km east of Tripoli, on the coast where the Wadi Lebda meets the sea. The site is one of the most spectacular and unspoiled Roman ruins in the Mediterranean. The city appears to have been founded by Phoenician colonists sometime around 1100 BC, although it did not achieve prominence until Carthage became a major power in the Mediterranean Sea in the 4th century BC. It nominally remained part of Carthage's dominions until the end of the Third Punic War in 146 BC and then became part of the Roman Republic, although from about 200 BC onward, it was for all intents and purposes an independent city. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
18. Carthage (Tunisia)
Tunisia CarthageTunisia Carthage [ Photo by Patrick GIRAUD / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

 ( Latin: Carthago or Karthago, Ancient Greek: Καρχηδών Karkhēdōn, Arabic: قرطاج Qarṭāj‎, Berber: ⴽⴰⵔⵜⴰⵊⴻⵏ Kartajen, Hebrew: קרתגו‎ kartago, from the Phoenician Qart-ḥadašt קַרְתְּ חַדַשְתְּ meaning New City, implying it was a 'new Tyre') refers to a series of cities on the Gulf of Tunis, from a Phoenician colony of the 1st millennium BC to the current suburb outside Tunis, Tunisia. Carthage was built on a promontory with inlets to the sea to the north and south. The city's location made it master of the Mediterranean's maritime trade. (based on a wikipediaarticle / cc by-sa)
19. Dougga (Tunisia)
Photographie personnelle (Asram) du théâtre du site antique de Dougga (Tunisie)Photographie personnelle (Asram) du théâtre du site antique de Dougga (Tunisie) [ Photo by Asram / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

UNESCO qualified Dougga as a World Heritage Site in 1997, believing that it represents “the best-preserved Roman small town in North Africa”. The site, which lies in the middle of the countryside, has been protected from the encroachment of modern urbanisation, in contrast, for example, to Carthage, which has been pillaged and rebuilt on numerous occasions. From 205 CE, when the civitas and the pagus fused as one municipium, Dougga bore the title Municipium Septimium Aurelium Liberum Thugga; each of these terms has a particular significance. Septimium and Aurelium are references to the names of the municipium’s “founders” (conditores) (Septimius Severus and Caracalla, whose Latin title was Marcus Aurelius Antoninus); the granting of a new legal status to Dougga was equated to the foundation of a new city. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)


20. Angkor Wat (Cambodia)
Angkor WatAngkor Wat [ Photo by jurvetson / CC BY 2.0 ]

Angkor (Khmer: អង្គរ) is a region of Cambodia that served as the seat of the Khmer Empire, which flourished from approximately the ninth century to the thirteenth century. The word Angkor is derived from the Sanskrit nagara (नगर), meaning "city". The Angkorian period began in AD 802, when the Khmer Hindu monarch Jayavarman II declared himself a "universal monarch" and "god-king", until 1431, when Ayutthayan invaders sacked the Khmer capital, causing its population to migrate south to the area of Phnom Penh. The temples of the Angkor area number over one thousand, ranging in scale from nondescript piles of brick rubble scattered through rice fields to the magnificent Angkor Wat, said to be the world's largest single religious monument. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
21. Pattadakal (India)
Mallikarjuna and Kashivishwanatha temples at Pattadakal. Group of monuments at PattadakalMallikarjuna and Kashivishwanatha temples at Pattadakal. Group of monuments at Pattadakal [ Photo by Manjunath nikt / public domain ]

 (Kannada – ಪಟ್ಟದ್ಕಲ್ಲು) is a town in the Indian state of Karnataka The town lies on the banks of the Malaprabha River in Bagalkot district of North Karnataka region. It is 22 km from Badami and about 10 km from Aihole. The group of 8th century CE monuments in Pattadakal are the culmination of the earliest experiments in the vesara style of Hindu temple architecture. They were designated a World Heritage Site in 1987. The town displays both Dravidian (Southern) and the Nagara (Northern, Indo-Aryan) styles of temple architecture. Pattadakal, the capital of the Chalukya dynasty of Southern India, who built the temples in the seventh and eighth centuries. There are ten temples including a Jain sanctuary surrounded by numerous small shrines and plinths. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
22. Vijayanagara Empire (India)
Natural fortress at VijayanagaraNatural fortress at Vijayanagara [ Photo by Dineshkannambadi / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

The Vijayanagara Empire Kannada: ವಿಜಯನಗರ ಸಾಮ್ರಾಜ್ಯ Vijayanagara Sāmrājya, Telugu: విజయనగర సామ్రాజ్యము Vijayanagara Sāmrājyamu, referred as the Kingdom of Bisnaga by the Portuguese, was a South Indian empire based in the Deccan Plateau. Established in 1336 by Harihara I and his brother Bukka Raya I. The empire rose to prominence as a culmination of attempts by the southern powers against Islamic invasions by the end of the 13th century. It lasted until 1646 although its power declined after a major military defeat in 1565 by the Deccan sultanates. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
23. Karakorum (Mongolia)
The walls around the en:Erdene Zuu monastery monastery, taken in July 2007 by Clive Newstead.The walls around the en:Erdene Zuu monastery monastery, taken in July 2007 by Clive Newstead. [ Photo by Exsanguinator / CC BY 2.5 ]

 (Khalkha Mongolian: Каракорум Kharkhorin, Classical Mongolian: ᠬᠠᠷᠠᠬᠣᠷᠣᠮ Qara Qorum) was the capital of the Mongol Empire in the 13th century, and of the Northern Yuan in the 14-15th century. Its ruins lie in the northwestern corner of the Övörkhangai Province of Mongolia, near today's town of Kharkhorin, and adjacent to the Erdene Zuu monastery. They are part of the upper part of the World Heritage Site Orkhon Valley Cultural Landscape. The Orkhon valley had already been a center of the Xiongnu, Göktürk and Uyghur empires. To the Göktürks, the nearby Khangai Mountains had been the location of the Ötüken, and the Uighur capital Karabalgasun was located close to where later Karakorum would be erected. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
24. Taxila (Pakistan)
Ancient Buddhist Monastery at Jaulian, Taxila. Taxila is a town in Punjab, Pakistan that is home to many World Heritage Sites that date back to 3rd century BC to 3rd century CE.Ancient Buddhist Monastery at Jaulian, Taxila. Taxila is a town in Punjab, Pakistan that is home to many World Heritage Sites that date back to 3rd century BC to 3rd century CE. [ Photo by Waqas Usman / CC BY-SA 2.5 ]

 from Sanskrit: तक्षशिला Takṣaśilā (Urdu, Punjabi: ٹیکسلا) is a city, and home to an important archaeological site in the Punjab province of Pakistan. Taxila is situated about 32 km (20 mi) to the north-west of Islamabad Capital Territory and Rawalpindi in Panjab; just off the Grand Trunk Road. Taxila lies 549 metres (1,801 ft) above sea-level. 3. The Sindu (English: Indus) route from Kashmir and Central Asia, via Śri nagara, Mansehra, and the Haripur valley across the Khunjerab pass to the Silk Road in the north to the Indian Ocean in the south. To fully understand the importance of Takṣaśilā it must be noted that the Khunjerab pass between Kashmir and Xinjiang – the current Karakoram highway – was already traversed in antiquity. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
25. Sigiriya (Sri Lanka)
Sigiriya, Sri LankaSigiriya, Sri Lanka [ Photo by Bernard Gagnon / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

 (Lion's rock) is an ancient rock fortress and palace ruin situated in the central Matale District of Sri Lanka, surrounded by the remains of an extensive network of gardens, reservoirs, and other structures. A popular tourist destination, Sigiriya is also renowned for its ancient paintings (frescos), which are reminiscent of the Ajanta Caves of India. The Sigiriya was built during the reign of King Kassapa I (AD 477 – 495), and it is one of the seven World Heritage Sites of Sri Lanka. In 477 A.D, prince Kasyapa seized the throne from King Dhatusena, following a coup assisted by Migara, the king’s nephew and army commander. Kasyapa, the king’s son by a non-royal consort, usurped the rightful heir, Moggallana, who fled to South India. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
26. Sukhothai (Thailand)
Wat Si Sawan, Sukhothai National Historical Park.Wat Si Sawan, Sukhothai National Historical Park. [ Photo by Oatz / public domain ]

The Sukhothai Historical Park (Thai: อุทยานประวัติศาสตร์สุโขทัย (Pronunciation)) covers the ruins of Sukhothai, capital of the Sukhothai kingdom in the 13th and 14th centuries, in what is now the north of Thailand. It is located near the modern city of Sukhothai, capital of the province with the same name. The city walls form a rectangle about 2 km east-west by 1.6 km north-south. There are 193 ruins on 70 square kilometers of land. There is a gate in the centre of each wall. Inside are the remains of the royal palace and twenty-six temples, the largest being Wat Mahathat. The park is maintained by the Fine Arts Department of Thailand with help from UNESCO, which has declared it a World Heritage Site. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
27. Konye-Urgench (Turkmenistan)
Sultan Tekesh Mausoleum, Konye-Urgench, Turkmenistan.Sultan Tekesh Mausoleum, Konye-Urgench, Turkmenistan. [ Photo by Doron / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

 (Turkmen: Köneürgenç, Russian: Куня Ургенч, from Persian Kuhna Gurgānj کهنه گرگانج) also known as Konya-Urgench, Old Urgench or Urganj, is a municipality of about 30,000 inhabitants in north-eastern Turkmenistan, just south from its border with Uzbekistan. It is the site of the ancient town of Ürgenç (Urgench), which contains the unexcavated ruins of the 12th-century capital of Khwarezm. Since 2005, the ruins of Old Urgench have been protected by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. Formerly situated on the Amu-Darya River, Old Ürgenç was one of the greatest cities on the Silk Road. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)

Middle East

28. Chogha Zanbil (Iran)
Water supply of Choga Zanbil; basin at the inlet of the Untash Napirisha channelWater supply of Choga Zanbil; basin at the inlet of the Untash Napirisha channel [ Photo by Rainer Fischer / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

Chogha Zanbil
 (Persian: چغازنبيل); Elamite: Dur Untash) is an ancient Elamite complex in the Khuzestan province of Iran. It is one of the few extant ziggurats outside of Mesopotamia. It lies approximately 42 kilometeres South Southwest of Dezfoul, 30 kilometres West of Susa and 80 kilometres North of Ahvaz. Choga Zambil means 'Basket mound.' (Legend by: David Rohl pg.82)It was built about 1250 BC by the king Untash-Napirisha, mainly to honor the great god Inshushinak. Its original name was Dur Untash, which means 'town of Untash', but it is unlikely that many people, besides priests and servants, ever lived there. The complex is protected by three concentric walls which define the main areas of the 'town'. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
29. Persepolis (Iran)
Panoramic views of PersepolisPanoramic views of Persepolis [ Photo by Hansueli Krapf / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

 was the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire (ca. 550-330 BCE). Persepolis is situated 70 km northeast of the modern city of Shiraz in the Fars Province of modern Iran. In contemporary Persian, the site is known as Takht-e Jamshid (Throne of Jamshid) and Parseh. The earliest remains of Persepolis date from around 515 BCE. To the ancient Persians, the city was known as Pārsa, which means "The City of Persians". (based on a wikipediaarticle / cc by-sa)
30. Babylon (Iraq)
The historical city of BabylonThe historical city of Babylon [ Photo by Petrusbarbygere / public domain ]

 (Greek Βαβυλών, from Akkadian: Babili, Babilla) was a city-state of ancient Mesopotamia, the remains of which are found in present-day Al Hillah, Babil Province, Iraq, about 85 kilometers (55 mi) south of Baghdad. All that remains of the original ancient famed city of Babylon today is a mound, or tell, of broken mud-brick buildings and debris in the fertile Mesopotamian plain between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. The Greek form Βαβυλών is an adaptation of Babylonian Babili. The Babylonian name as it stood in the 1st millennium BC had been changed from an earlier Babilli in early 2nd millennium BC, interpreted as "gateway of the god" (bāb-ili) by popular etymology. The earlier name Babilla appears to be an adaptation of a non-Semitic source of unknown origin or meaning. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
31. Ctesiphon (Iraq)
Ctesiphon palace ruin in December 2007Ctesiphon palace ruin in December 2007 [ Photo by jamesdale10 / CC BY 2.0 ]

The ruins of the city are located on the east bank of the Tigris, across the river from the Hellenistic city of Seleucia. Today, the remains of both cities lie in Iraq, approximately 35 km south of the city of Baghdad.Ctesiphon is first mentioned in the Book of Ezra of the Old Testament as Kasfia/Casphia (a derivative of the ethnic name, Cas, and a cognate of Caspian and Qazvin). In the 6th century, Ctesiphon was the largest city in the world. The Latin name 'Ctesiphon' or 'Ctesifon'derives from Greek 'T(h)esifon' or 'Et(h)esifon', continuing in later Greek as 'Ktēsiphōn' (Κτησιφῶν). (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
32. Petra (Jordan)
View on Petra's MonasteryView on Petra's Monastery [ Photo by Tom Neys / public domain ]

 (Greek "πέτρα" (petra), meaning rock; Arabic: البتراء, Al-Batrāʾ) is a historic and archaeological city in the Jordanian governorate of Ma'an that has rock cut architecture and a water conduits system. Established sometime around the 6th century BC as the capital city of the Nabataeans, it is a symbol of Jordan as well as its most visited tourism attraction. It lies on the slope of Mount Hor in a basin among the mountains which form the eastern flank of Arabah (Wadi Araba), the large valley running from the Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba. Petra has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1985. The site remained unknown to the Western world until 1812, when it was introduced by Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
33. Iram of the Pillars (Oman)
The ruins of the Ubarite oasis and its collapsed well-springThe ruins of the Ubarite oasis and its collapsed well-spring [ Photo by Tarawneh / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

Iram of the Pillars
 (Arabic: إرَم ذات العماد, Iram ḏāt al-`imād), also called Aram, Iram, Irum, Irem, Erum, Wabar, Ubar or the City of a Thousand Pillars, is a lost city (or region surrounding the lost city) on the Arabian Peninsula. Ubar, a name of a region or a name of a people, was mentioned in ancient records, and was spoken of in folk tales as a trading center of the Rub' al Khali desert in the southern part of the Arabian peninsula. It is estimated that it lasted from about 3000 B.C. to the first century A.D. According to legends, it became fabulously wealthy from trade between the coastal regions and the population centers of the Arabic peninsula and Europe. The region became lost to modern history, and was thought to be only a figment of mythical tales. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
34. Ani (Turkey)
Ruins of the medieval Armenian city of Ani, as viewed from ArmeniaRuins of the medieval Armenian city of Ani, as viewed from Armenia [ Photo by haigoes / CC BY-SA 3.0 ]

 (Armenian: Անի, Greek: Ανίον, Latin: Abnicum) is a ruined and uninhabited medieval city-site situated in the Turkish province of Kars, beside the border with Armenia. It was once the capital of a medieval Armenian kingdom that covered much of present day Armenia and eastern Turkey. The city is located on a triangular site, visually dramatic and naturally defensive, protected on its eastern side by the ravine of the Akhurian River and on its western side by the Bostanlar or Tzaghkotzadzor valley. The Akhurian is a branch of the Araks River and forms part of the current border between Turkey and Armenia. Called the "City of 1001 Churches", it stood on various trade routes and its many religious buildings, palaces, and fortifications were amongst the most technically and artistically advanced structures in the world. (based on awikipedia article / cc by-sa)
35. Hattusa (Turkey)
Hattusa - the abcient Hittite capitalHattusa – the abcient Hittite capital [ Photo by Travelling Runes / CC BY-SA 2.0 ]

 was the capital of the Hittite Empire in the late Bronze Age. The region is set in the great loop of the Kızıl River (Marashantiya in Hittite sources and Halys in Classical Antiquity) in central Anatolia. The landscape surrounding the city included rich agricultural fields, hill lands for pasture, as well as woods. Smaller woods are still found outside the city but in ancient times they were far more widespread. This meant the inhabitants had an excellent supply for timber when building their houses and other structures. The fields provided the people with a subsistence crop of wheat, barley and lentils. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)
36. Troy (Turkey)
The plains of TroyThe plains of Troy [ Photo by David Spender / CC BY 2.0 ]

 (Hittite: Wilusa or Truwisa; Greek: Ἴλιον, Ilion, and Τροία, Troia; Latin: Trōia and Īlium; Turkish: Truva and Troia) was a city, both factual and legendary, located in northwest Anatolia in what is now Turkey, southeast of the Dardanelles and beside Mount Ida. It is best known for being the focus of the Trojan War described in the Greek Epic Cycle and especially in the Iliad, one of the two epic poems attributed to Homer. Metrical evidence from the Iliad and the Odyssey seems to show that the name Ἴλιον (Ilion) formerly began with a digamma: Ϝίλιον (Wilion). This was later supported by the Hittite form Wilusa. Today, Truva is a small Turkish city supporting the tourist trade visiting the Troia archaeological site. (based on a wikipedia article / cc by-sa)